Sunday, February 29, 2004

Alecsandri, Vasile

His lyrical poems,

Saturday, February 28, 2004

Melchior, Johann Peter

Modeller in porcelain, best known of the artists associated with the great German porcelain factory at H�chst. As a child he showed an interest in drawing, painting, and sculpture, and a relative apprenticed him to a sculptor in D�sseldorf. He became sufficiently well known to be named Modellmeister at the

Friday, February 27, 2004

Biblical Literature, Definitions

A vast amount of Jewish literature written in the intertestamental period (mainly 2nd and 1st centuries BCE) and from the 1st and 2nd centuries CE was preserved, for the most part, through various Christian churches. A part of this literature is today commonly called the Apocrypha (Hidden; hence, secret books; singular apocryphon). At one time in the early church this was one of the

Thursday, February 26, 2004

Goetz, Walter

German-born British illustrator and cartoonist whose amusing perspectives on the English and on Anglo-French relations delighted the public in the Daily Express cartoon strips "Colonel Up and Mr. Down" and "Dab and Flounder," 1934-54, and in Pierre Danino's "Major Thompson" books, 1954-57 (b. Nov. 24, 1911--d. Sept. 13, 1995).

Wednesday, February 25, 2004

Music, Recordings.

The record industry continued the trend toward huge boxed-set reissues of materials from its vaults. Without so much as an anniversary excuse, BMG came out with a 65-compact disc (CD) compilation of all of violinist Jascha Heifetz' RCA recordings, and Teldec issued a 60-CD repackaging of the pioneering period-instruments Bach cantata recordings of Nikolaus Harnoncourt

Tuesday, February 24, 2004

Cooper, Cynthia

Cooper was raised

Monday, February 23, 2004

Lock Haven University Of Pennsylvania

Public coeducational institution of higher learning in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, U.S. It is part of Pennsylvania's State System of Higher Education and comprises colleges of Arts and Sciences, and Education and Human Services. The university offers a range of bachelor's degree programs and several master's degree programs. It also offers a cooperative engineering

Sunday, February 22, 2004

Hsiung Shih-li

Hsiung was an anti-Manchu revolutionary in early youth, but after the age of 30 he devoted himself wholly to philosophy. He first studied metaphysical idealism in the

Saturday, February 21, 2004

Anastasius Iv

As cardinal bishop of Sabina, he had staunchly supported Pope Innocent II in 1130, serving as his vicar in Rome during the contest with the antipope Anacletus II. During his brief pontificate he was a peacemaker noted especially for settling two long-standing problems: one regarding Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and

Friday, February 20, 2004

Afonso I

Nzinga Mbemba, who became the sixth manikongo (lord of the Kongo) in 1506 or 1507, encouraged the penetration of his country by the Portuguese that had begun under his predecessor, Nzinga Nkuwa. Becoming a Christian and adopting

Thursday, February 19, 2004

'abd Al-mu'min

In full �'Abd al-Mu'min ibn 'Ali� Berber caliph of the Almohad dynasty (reigned 1130 - 63), who conquered the North African Maghrib from the Almoravids andbrought all the Berbers under one rule.

Wednesday, February 18, 2004

W�thrich, Kurt

After receiving a Ph.D. in organic chemistry from the University of Basel in 1964, W�thrich took his postdoctoral training in Switzerland and the United

Tuesday, February 17, 2004

Adams, Roger


Monday, February 16, 2004


Town, southern Thailand. It lies southeast of Bangkok, on the northeastern coast of the Gulf of Thailand. Rayong is a fishing port and produces tapioca from locally grown cassava. Cassava, fruits, and rubber are the major products of the adjacent hinterland. Nearby beaches attract a growing number of tourists. Pop. (1985 est.) 41,222.

Sunday, February 15, 2004

Vennberg, Karl

Vennberg was a teacher of Norwegian in a Stockholm folk high school. His influential reviews and critical essays broke the ground for the radical cause of the 40-talslyrik (1947; �Poetry of the 1940s�), an anthology that he edited together with Erik Lindegren. His two volumes

Saturday, February 14, 2004

Angiosperm, The calyx

The sepals (collectively called the calyx) most resemble leaves because of their generally green colour. From their base and along most of their length, sepals remain either separate (aposepalous, or polysepalous) or marginally fused (synsepalous), forming a tube with terminal lobes or teeth (see photograph). The number of calyx lobes equals the number of fused

Friday, February 13, 2004

Sarian, Martiros (sergeevich)

Sarian received training in painting at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture (1897 - 1904), where among his teachers were the noted realist artists Konstantin Korovin and Valentin Serov. Soon Sarian was exhibiting his

Thursday, February 12, 2004


Fustian probably originated in Al-Fustat, now part of Cairo, about AD 200, and eventually spread to Spain and Italy,

Wednesday, February 11, 2004


City, Hyogo ken (prefecture), western Honshu, Japan. During the Heian period (794 - 1185), it was a seaside resort for courtesans from Kyoto. It became a castle town in the 17th century, when the powerful Ikeda clan took up residence. Since the beginning of the 20th century, the establishment of chemical factories and steel mills has transformed Ako into one of Japan's most polluted industrial

Tuesday, February 10, 2004

Uccello, Paolo

By the time Paolo was 10 years old he was already an apprentice in the workshop of the sculptor Lorenzo Ghiberti, who was then at work on what became one of the masterpieces of Renaissance art - the bronze doors for the Baptistery of the Florence cathedral, which consist of 28 panels illustrating New Testament scenes of the life of Christ. In 1414 Uccello joined the confraternity

Monday, February 09, 2004

Wigglesworth, Michael

Wigglesworth emigrated to America in 1638 with his family and settled in New Haven. In 1651 he graduated from Harvard College, where he was a tutor and a fellow from 1652 to 1654 and again from 1697 to 1705. He preached at Charlestown, Mass., in 1653 - 54 and was pastor at

Sunday, February 08, 2004


Breton �Kemper� town, capital of Finist�re d�partement, Bretagne region, France, and a port at the estuarine confluence of the Odet and Steir rivers. Once the ancient capital of the countship Cornouaille, it is associated with the legendary (5th century) king Gradlon, who came from Cornwall in Britain. The countship was united with the duchy of Brittany in the 11th century; but the town suffered

Saturday, February 07, 2004

Ma Yuan

By the late 12th century, however, this style was changing, and the new elements that were appearing reflected the nostalgic and somewhat precious atmosphere of the exiled court at Lin'an. In some hanging scrolls attributed to Ma, and in many of the exquisite small album and fan paintings, the mountains are pushed to one side, creating a �one corner� composition; between

Friday, February 06, 2004

Smith, Hamilton Othanel

Smith graduated from the

Thursday, February 05, 2004


Southern suburb of the town of Ayr, South Ayrshire council area, historic county of Ayrshire, Scotland, famous as the birthplace of Scotland's national poet, Robert Burns. There is a museum alongside the thatched cottage where he was born in 1759 and a memorial built in 1820 in the form of a Grecian temple. The Brig o' Doon, immortalized in Burns's poem �Tam o' Shanter,� is nearby.

Wednesday, February 04, 2004

Unification Church

Born in 1920, Moon was raised in the Presbyterian church, which eventually excommunicated him for heresy. As a teenager he had a

Tuesday, February 03, 2004


Y�n-lin slopes from the foothills of the A-li Mountains in the east to the fertile alluvial plains in the west. The Cho-shui and Pei-kang rivers run parallel to the northern and southern boundaries, respectively, and are sources of hydroelectricity.

Monday, February 02, 2004

World War Ii, Iwo Jima and the bombing of Tokyo

With U.S. forces firmly established in the Mariana Islands, the steady long-range bombing of Japan by B-29s under the command of General Curtis E. LeMay continued throughout the closing months of 1944 and into 1945. But it was still 1,500 miles from Saipan to Tokyo, a long flight even for the B-29s. Strategic planners therefore fixed their attention on the little volcanic island of Iwo

Sunday, February 01, 2004

Mac-mahon, Marie-edme-patrice-maurice, Comte De (count Of), Duc De (duke Of) Magenta

A descendant of an Irish family that fled to France during